A dental implant is a form of dental surgery. In this process, a tooth root is replaced with a titanium base. Dental implants look and function absolutely like natural teeth. Due to their durability, they are used all around the world these days. In the present passage, an expert serving in a dental implant center in Vancouver will explain to us how the procedure takes place.
The Procedure of Dental Implants
There are several steps to dental implants. Between some of them, the patient has to take some time to recover fully and then start the next step. In the passage below, we will explain every single phase so that you know what precisely to expect.
First, the dentist checks up your teeth. He prescribes OPG to see if there should be any treatment before implanting. OPGs are of remarkable use because the dentist can have a better understanding of the state of gums and teeth.
Second, he will extract the damaged tooth so that the bones remain undamaged. In this step, he detects any potential gum and bone defects and eliminates them.
Third, if the jawbone is not as firm as it should be, he will transplant bones. This is a step that we refer to as the bone graft. By doing this, a fixed base is developed to perform implants. The bone used here might be from the patient’s body himself or might be an artificial one. This process can take several months.
Forth is placing the implants. To do this, the dentist cuts a small part of your gum in order to expose the jawbones. Then a hole is made inside the jawbones, and the implants are inserted deeply into it. After that, he will carefully stitch the gum. Remember that there is still no tooth in this stage; therefore, the dentist may put a dental prosthetics temporarily. The dental prosthetics can be removed while sleeping or cleaning.
Fifth is the step which we call bone development. In this phase, the titanium base and the bone tissues are merged together. There is no specific duration for bone development. It may differ from one person to another, but normally it will take 6-12 weeks. During this time, the patient must visit his dentist several times to see how much progress is being made.
Sixth is the insertion of the abutment. The abutment performs as a connector between the prosthetics and the implants. Placing the abutment is a surgery done by local anesthesia. It takes almost two weeks for the gum to heal completely.
Seventh is the placement of a temporary dental crown. The dentist does it mainly to evaluate the capacity of the implants.
Eighth is the last phase in which the dentist inserts the permanent dental crown, usually done 3-9 months after the placement of the temporary dental crown. Permanent dental crowns are of two kinds: fixed and removable. As the name shows, fixed dental prosthetics are screwed to the implants and cannot be removed. On the other hand, removable dental prosthetics can be removed for daily cleaning.