With age, wear and tear can cause many health-related issues. One such problem that is seen in adults over the age of 65 is arthritis. It is caused due to joint inflammation, which can lead to a weakening of posture and pain in the joints. Though common in older people, it can also be seen in teens, young adults, and even in some children due to varied causes. One of the most common types of arthritis is rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. It can be also seen mostly in overweight people and is most common among women. One can see the best doctor arthritis to get the situation under control.
Causes of arthritis
Arthritis is an issue of joints, as it affects the normal movement of joints and causes inflammation and pain. Why? Because, arthritis reduces the cartilage tissue that joins the bones at the joint areas. Cartilage is responsible to take the shock off the movements and keep the joist fluid and flexible.
With age, the cartilage tends to get wear and tear which causes stress in the joints. This is the major cause of osteoarthritis. However, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system of the body attacks the synovium of the joints. This soft tissue is responsible for lubricating the joints and cartilage. Therefore, rheumatoid arthritis can ruin the joints if not treated in time.
When the problem increases, it is better to reach out to the specialist immediately. First, the doctor will do some tests and diagnose the exact problem. They will check for swelling, warmth, and redness in the joints. Diagnosis will also include, joint fluid tests, blood tests, x rays, MRI, CT scans, ultrasound, etc.
After the problem is diagnosed, the doctor will suggest a path of treatment that might include therapy, medications, and surgery.
Some of the common treatments include:
- Therapy: this includes physical therapy, motion exercises, and using braces and splints to support the joints and its movements.
- Medications: there are a variety of medications that can be used to limit the pain and treat arthritis. Some of them include:
- Counter irritants
- Non steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic medicines
- Surgery: if medications and therapy do not work, then the patient might have to undergo an arthritic surgery like joint repair surgery, joint fusion surgery, and joint replacement surgery.
Other than various medications, one thing that is currently proving to highly effective for rheumatoid arthritic patients is; arthritis gloves.
These gloves are for easing the pain and swelling of the joints in the hands. This helps the patients to go about doing their daily activities with lesser difficulty. The best arthritis gloves keep the patient’s hands warm and provide extra support, and also some of the therapy gloves also provide a certain amount of pressure on the pain points to improve the gripping of the fingers.
Arthritis is a common issue among many older people, but it is not something that cannot be treated, with proper medication, therapy, and doctors help one can easily make their arthritis less painful. Proper treatment in time will not only help lessen swelling and pain, but it will also help in stopping the joint damage to a further extent.